Generally, for a building to be sustainable, it has to be built from ethically produced material that will not negatively affect the available resources. These materials, plus the mechanics of the house, which includes thermal regulation, provision of water, lighting and so on.., should have a neutral energy or a positive energy. Meaning the house is producing as much energy or more than it is using. Nowadays, with everybody trying to conserve the environment, whether you want to renovate your building or redesign your office interior, you have to do it with the mindset that sustainability begins with you. Imagine this, all materials in your house interior decor, being sustainable economically, socially and environmentally (https://journal.tylko.com/the-principles-of-sustainable-interior-design/).
The foundations for creating a sustainable space are as follows:
Using Natural Materials
Natural resources are timeless and can be stylish, and come out beautifully in different interior decor. For example, using materials such as bamboo for flooring and stones for bathroom accessories can give your house an overwhelming style. However, as using a natural material design may sound easy, it requires you to check that all materials are Eco-certified and verified as such.
Flexibility and longevity Designs
We use things as long as they meet our needs, then we dispose of them and buy something bigger or “better”. However, a sustainable interior design should be based on sustainability; The material should not be disposed of regularly. A good example is using materials such as clay, wool, marble or bamboo. Flexible materials come very handily in sustainable design, as people tend to change their interior materials as they grow. So materials should be made flexible enough to enable changes without total demolition.
Energy efficiency design
In energy consumption, less is more. Energy consumption causes most of the global warming; All those carbon emissions from car engines and factory emissions. So, a more energy-efficient design will focus on renewable energy sources that are non-carbon based. Again, reduce the amount of energy used inside a building. For example, using woolen carpets to trap heat inside the house or using enormous windows to provide sufficient lighting inside a house.
Waste reduction design
A sustainable interior design should use materials that do not produce waste while they are being produced or even produce waste after they are used. These materials should be repurposed or recycled after use.